|English Carrier Pigeon | Breed Profile|
|Breed Name||English Carrier|
|Breed Purpose||Flying, show, pets|
|Special Notes||Beautiful birds, attractive appearance, excellent for flying purpose, good for raising as pets, strong and hardy, good for show, calm|
|Weight||Around 500 grams|
|Climate Tolerance||Native climates|
|Country/Place of Origin||United Kingdom|
TheÂ CarrierÂ orÂ English CarrierÂ is aÂ breedÂ ofÂ fancy pigeonÂ developed over many years ofÂ selective breeding.Â Carriers, along with other varieties ofÂ domesticated pigeons, are all descendants of theÂ rock pigeonÂ (Columba livia). They have a long slender body, with a long neck in proportion to the rest of the body, and distinctive features including a rounded hardÂ wattle.
The English Carrier pigeon is a breed of domestic fancy pigeon from United Kingdom which has a long slender body and long neck. The breed has actually developed over many years of selective breeding. This breed and other varieties of the domesticated pigeons, all are descendants of the wild or feralÂ rock pigeon.
The breed was actually developed in England from a combination of non-European breeds (including the Persian, Powter and Baghdad carriers. The English Carrier pigeon is the largest of the flyingÂ pigeon breeds, and it was actually used for sending messages.
The points in the standard of these birds were deemed to have been achieved by the mid 19tj century. And the breed was praised for itâs âperfectness to which all the points most admired have been broughtâ. Today the English Carrier pigeon is strictly a show breed. However, read some more information about this breed below.
The English Carrier pigeon is a large bird with long slender body. It has a long neck in proportion to the rest of the body. It is a fine bird and is close feathered. These birds are usually of dark color. Their breast bone is straight and long. They have no feathering below their knees. Their eyes are usually of deep red color, and have a distinctive wattle. Their beak is long and thick, and it is of the type known as a box beak.
The breed was developed inÂ EnglandÂ from a combination of nonâEuropean breeds, including theÂ PersianÂ andÂ Baghdad carriers, and theÂ powter.Â The largest of the flying pigeon breeds, the Old English Carrier was originally used for sending messages.
By the mid 19th century, the points in the standard of the English Carrier were deemed to have been achieved, and the breed was praised for its “perfectness to which all the points most admired have been brought”.Â At this point the colors of the breed were limited to black, white and dun (a brownish grey color).Â Today, the English Carrier is strictly a show pigeon, and is not the modernÂ homing pigeon. This modern homing pigeon is a breed known as aÂ Racing Homer, a breed which was bred from eight different pigeon breeds including the English Carrier.
Â Â Charles Darwin
wrote of the Carrier inÂ The Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication, “This is a fine bird, of large size, close feathered, generally darkâcoloured, with an elongated neck”.Â Darwin compared the dimensions of the breed to theÂ rock pigeon, showing the length of the Carrier to be nearly double that of the rock pigeon. It was also found that the English Carrier could open its mouth wider than the rock pigeon, 0.75 inches (1.9Â cm) as compared to 0.4 inches (1.0Â cm).
The English Carrier is typically about 17.5â18.5 inches (44â47Â cm) in height, with a long, slender body.Â The breast bone should be straight and long, as should the back which should slope towards the rump. They have a slender neck which should appear long in proportion to the rest of the bird and the legs should be solid, with no feathering below the knees.
The English Carrier has typically deep red eyes, and a distinctiveÂ wattleÂ which should be large but firm with a rounded shape and a powdery white finish on the surface. The beak is long and thick, and is of the type known as a box beak. The National English Carrier Club standard states that ideally the distance from the pupil of the eye to the tip of the beak should be not less than 2 inches (5.1Â cm) in females, and 2.5 inches (6.4Â cm) in males of the breed
Average body height of the English Carrier pigeon is about 44-47 cm. And average live body weight of the mature birds is around 500 grams.
English Carrier pigeon is mainly a flying breed. But today, the breed is strictly raised as a show breed.
The English Carrier pigeon breed is well-regarded as a very clam bird with a regal, and almost kingly bearing. It is a very hardy and active breed. These birds are easily tamed and also can be trained easily. Along with raising for flying and show purposes, the breed is also very good for raising as pets. Average lifespan of these birds is around 7 to 10 years. However, review full breed profile of the English Carrier pigeon in the following chart.